Orbital Angular Momentum in Radio - A System Study
Mohammadi, S. M. Daldorff, L. K. S. Bergman, J. E. S. Karlsson, R. L. Thide, B. Forozesh, K. Carozzi, T. D. Isham, B.
This paper appears in: Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on
Accepted for future publication
Recent discoveries concerning rotating (helical) phase fronts and orbital angular momentum (OAM) of laser beams are applied to radio frequencies and comprehensive simulations of a radio OAM system are performed. We find that with the use of vector field-sensing electric and magnetic triaxial antennas, it is possible to unambiguously estimate the OAM in radio beams by local measurements at a single point, assuming ideal (noiseless) conditions and that the beam axis is known. Furthermore, we show that conventional antenna pattern optimization methods can be applied to OAM-generating circular arrays to enhance their directivity.
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